INDIAN SILK, APRIL-JUNE, 2017
A new microsporidian isolated from Lamerin breed of Bombyx mori L.
Shabir A. Bhat, B. Nataraju, Ifat Bashir and K.A. Sahaf
Organic farming in sericulture - A ray of hope
M.R. Nirmala and R. Sugun
In view of detrimental impact of use of chemicals and fertilizers for practicing sustainable agriculture as in case of India, the need for introduction, practice and promotion of organic farming becomes all the more important, meriting a balanced approach. The article discusses the various interventions like, generation of green bio-mass through intercultivation in mulberry, bio-control of pests and diseases in mulberry and silkworms besides biological inputs for silkworm rearing, that call for promotion, towards ensuring ecological balance and environmental safety.
Prospects of sericulture in Majuli - A river island of Brahmaputra
Ranuma Das, M. Sankar, M. Pamehgam, Palash Dutta and K. Giridhar
Availability of natural resources like silkworm varieties, food plants, skilled manpower and raw materials, in abundance in Majuli, a flood-prone district of Jorhat in Assam is the strength for development of sericulture in this region. Such development is possible by proper planning under district development plan and also sustained efforts in both pre and post-cocoon sectors ensuring backward and forward linkages and adoption of new sericulture technologies. The authors suggests few improvements for further development of sericulture in this region.
Socio-economic development of tribal women in Keonjhar district of Odisha through ISD
Jayanta Ghose and R.S. Mishra
Tasar silk production plays an important role towards providing sustainable livelihood to the tribal communities in Odisha, which now is gaining popularity with reeling and spinning activities. Programmes like Intensive Skill Development Scheme implemented by Central Silk Board through Tasar Rearers Cooperative Societies in Keonjhar district of the state on processing of tasar cocoons and their conversion into yarn have improved the skill of the women folk with the introduction of improved machinery, and thereby, their returns from the activity.
Seriline - Digital mobile technology for extension support to mulberry cluster
P. Kumar, R. Khare, V.B. Srivastava, P.K. Singh and K.A. Sahaf
Of late, Information and Communication Technology has become an efficient tool to reach out to farmers with advisories on cultural practices as well as forewarning on disease and pest incidence. With ICTs taking front seat in India, Seriline, a mobile and web based system has been launched by the scientists of Central Silk Board, on a field trial basis in select pockets of Uttar Pradesh. It aims to integrate sericulture stakeholders and the research workers through the portal in order to improve productivity and also income from the activity. Procedures, strength, scalability and limitations of the system are discussed, here.
Mahendra Sarmah motivates youngsters for muga culture
Rajesh Kumar, N.I. Singh, U.K. Pal, B.K. Basumatry and K. Giridhar
His love for muga silk knows no bounds. Shri Mahendra Sarmah from Assam is an industry by himself, more for his industrious nature, and his involvement in different pre and post-cocoon activities. His initiatives to propagate muga culture in the neighbouring villages and also to motivate the youth to take it up as a remunerative avocation have befittingly made him the role model in the area.
Tasar bivoltine rearing in Maharashtra - Yielding results
Sericulture especially trivoltine tasar cultivation is an age-old practice by tribal communities, mainly in tribal areas of Maharashtra due to abundant availability of tasar food plants. In spite of good reelability and high silk content in Daba Bivoltine cocoons , its rearing had been sluggish largely due to farmers taking time to switch over. The preliminary work of rearing bivoltine Daba, taken up by the RTRS, Bhandara, of course, on a small scale, has started yielding results and now motivated the farmers to take it up. Presented here is a journey from the conservative approach to a land of promise in Maharashtra.
Silkworm pupal oil: A novel source of Omega-3 fatty acids
Venkatesh Kumar R., Param Dev and Yashwant Kumar
The length of telomeres in chromosomes becomes reduced as the age grows. Omega-3-fatty acids which can not be synthesized by human body, however, can be obtained from fish oil, seafood, flax seed oil, soyabean oil and some other plant products etc., which may attenuate shortening of telomeres. Both the mulberry and non-mulberry silkworm pupae oil is a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids, which reduces the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases etc. Details.
Dyeing of silk yarn using fruits and vegetables natural dyes
Samera Salimpour, Samira Kabir Abdi, Elahe Afshar and Masoumeh Akbari
In order to access various shades, silk yarns are treated with metal salts (Al2 (SO4 )3 , CuSO4 , FeSO4 ) and then, are dyed using fruits and vegetables natural dyes. In addition, wash and 4 light fastnesses of the dyed samples have investigated. It is found that the treatment with (Al2 (SO4 )3 is created bright and shiny shades.
Silk dyeing practices at Varanasi
Dyeing is an important activity in the textile sector which differs from cluster to cluster depending on the end-product and the choice of the connoisseurs. A study conducted some time back on the dyeing practices followed by the silk dyers of Varanasi revealed the trends of the day. An attempt has been made to explain the need for wider acceptance of new technologies of dyeing silk to have a greater impact on the quality and profitability.