The Central Silk Board is a Statutory Body constituted during 1948 for the development of sericulture and silk industry in the country. The mandated activities of CSB are:
These mandated activities of Central Silk Board are being carried out by the 300 units of CSB located in different States under the 3 Central Sector Schemes. Till IX Plan, these activities were carried out as regular ‘programmes’ of CSB. During X Plan, these regular programmes of CSB were grouped as three “Central Sector Schemes” based on the nature and objectives of the mandated tasks which was approved by the Expenditure Finance Committee.
From IX Plan onwards, CSB has taken up the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CDP), with the aim of synergizing and disseminating technologies, innovations developed by its R&D units and incentivising investments among the stakeholders to enhance production, productivity and quality of silk. CDP has been an effective vehicle for transfer of technology to the field. Although, the scheme is implemented through the States, CSB’s manpower is largely deployed for the formulation, appraisal, and operation and monitoring of the programme as a whole besides providing technical inputs for its implementation.
During the year 2015-16, based on the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, the Govt. of India has increased the State’s share in net proceeds of union tax revenue from 32 to 42%. On account of the higher flow of funds to the State Government, the Union Government has taken a decision to windup majority of the Centrally Sponsored Schemes. Accordingly, the Government of India has taken a decision to discontinue implementation of Catalytic Development Programme as Centrally Sponsored Scheme with effect from the year 2015-16.
All the above mentioned Central Sector Schemes are organically linked to one another and aimed to increase the quality and productivity of silk in the country thereby enhance the income of Stake Holders. It is therefore proposed to bring all these schemes under one Scheme – viz “Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry” focusing on intervention in critical areas such as Breed, Seed, Post Cocoon Technology and Capacity Building. Few CDP components have been merged with the ongoing R & D and Seed Schemes of Central Sector for visible impact on quality and productivity improvement.
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