(i) The rural employment
(ii) Socioeconomic development of the tribal without environmental damage
(iii) The foreign exchange reserves
Muga sericulture is exclusive art for most of the people of North Eastern region and main sources of income. For this reason, it possesses the key to their socio economic welfare. Therefore, it can be reckoned that any obstacles in sericultural development can be hazardous to the economy of tribal population in India. The good news is that technology has helped to overcome many of these obstacles with some very advantageous results. The technologies developed by R& D institutes of Central Silk Board (CSB) have been popularized among the farmers to maximize yield and returns which in turn resulted in bringing out vertical growth of the industry.
The annual mulberry raw silk production has increased to the tune of 23,060 M.T. (2011-12), which includes 18,272 MT mulberry silk, 1,590 MT Tasar silk, 3,072 MT Eri silk and 126 MT Muga silk. The constant efforts made by CSB and state sericulture department have resulted in the over all increase in the silk production and quality.
Scientists working in sericulture Research and Development are constantly putting their efforts to resolve issues in major areas of sericulture such as silkworm and host plant improvement, pest and disease management, and reduction in cost of production by developing new innovations and technologies and improving the quality of silk fibers to match with international standards. CSB has also been collaborating with both international and national agencies and universities involved in sericultural research, etc., to harness their technical expertise in highly specialized fields and also to pool resources for the development of new technologies in frontier areas of sericulture research.
Over the past few decades, the silk industry made good progress with regard to productivity and quality of the output. The productivity of mulberry plantation in terms of silk which used to be less than 40 kg per hectare per year has reached 86 kg per hectare per year besides enhancing India’s capability to produce silk of international grades. This could be possible due to evolution of high yielding mulberry varieties such as V1, S1635, S1, S799, S13, S34, S146, BC259, Tr10 and improved silkworm breeds like CSR2xCSR4, CSR2xCSR5, SH6xKA, SH6xNB4D2, NB18xP5, YS3xSF19, Dun6xDun22, etc along with appropriate cultivation and rearing practices. The output coupled with the improved processing machinery and practices have made it possible to produce silk of international standards.
Leaf productivity of muga food plants has increased from 10 to 11 kg per plant per year and the cocoon productivity has increased from 40 to 60 cocoons per dfls.
The major achievements during XI Plan are as follows.
It is a well known fact that advancements in technology have altogether changed the way we perform various day to day tasks. Innovative technological inventiveness has totally modified every aspect of our life. There was a time when benefits from sericulture were very less and the farmers were leading miserable life. Thanks to technological inventions they can now work with full satisfaction and earn good remunerative. In fact, farmers can now produce much more than their forefathers used to do.
Once technology and sericulture were considered as entirely different realms of experience. However, today they’re thought of as partners, technology has benefited farmers in many diverse ways. Technology has helped them realize dreams that were thought impossible just a few decades ago. Today, suitable techniques have been developed for clonal propagation of the silk host plant and it helped to harvest quality cocoons. New silkworm hybrids have been developed and disease forecasting and forewarning technology has been fine tuned to minimize pest population in sericultural areas. Today’s farmer understands the fact that working with new technologies not only saves his time, but also improves the quality of his outcome. It is unfortunate that deforestation, environmental pollution, out break of diseases and pest population due to harsh ecological conditions, are declining the benefits of sericulture. However, technological creativity has improved the quantity as well as the quality of sericultural production, encouraging more people to adopt sericulture as a profitable business.
|For further details contact:|
Central Silk Board,
CSB Complex, BTM Layout,
BANGALORE - 560 068.